As regular readers know, I am fascinated by design sources in architecture and the decorative arts---I love the way designs of different cultures get interpreted and re-interpreted as they travel.
Equally interesting to me, in architecture, are copies and adaptations of iconic buildings---the copy of the Parthenon in Nashville Tennessee, or Mad Ludwig's Herrenchiemsee Palace, a copy of Versailles, or the copies of La Lanterne that I documented in an earlier post, to name several examples. (Click here for the Lanterne copies)
Bavarian Versailles. Ludwig II's Herrenchiemsee Palace
Malibu Mt. Vernon. The house designed for actor Rob Lowe by Don Nulty (AD photograph)
In the United States, a wave of Americana fever swept the country for a century after the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition of 1876, and copies of favorite American houses became all the rage. The most popular were houses that were both fine examples of their types and had association with famous persons. The prime example is, of course, George Washington's Mt. Vernon, which has spawned thousands of imitations, from gas stations to actor Rob Lowe's overblown evocation published in Architectural Digest a couple of months ago.
Homewood, pictured on the center panel of a chair from a set depicting Baltimore landmarks.
One of the most frequently copied houses was Homewood in Baltimore, Maryland, one of the most sophisticated early 19th century houses, a Palladian composition with neoclassical details, which was built in 1800 by Charles Carroll, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, for his son and new bride. It is a rare American suburb that doesn't contain at least one house with a version of its superb portico. Herewith, a few examples of Homewood adaptations from coast to coast.
In 1907, the Salem Athenaeum, in Salem Massachusetts, used Homewood's center block, with slightly steeper pediment, as inspiration for their new building.
The interior of the Salem Atheneum, above, pays homage to the original, below.
The two postcards above show the Maryland State Building at the Panama-Pacific Exposition of 1915 in San Francisco, an exact copy of Homewood.
In 1916, Charles Adams Platt, better known for his Italian inspired country houses, created a two story version of Homewood blown up to a very large scale for the John Teele Pratts at Glen Cove on Long Island's North Shore
And in Hallowell Maine, Homewood was the inspiration for the Post Office, here translated with limestone portico, rather than the wood of the original. The purple painted window trim is probably a corruption of the original color chosen by the architect 70 years ago.
Other popular early American houses to copy were The Lindens, built in Danvers Massachusetts and now in Washington DC, the John Hancock House in Boston, the Hammond Harwood house in Annapolis, and the Longfellow House in Cambridge. As the months go by, I'll post about their doppelgangers. If you're interested, of course.